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Report of the International Organization on the events in the Republic of Sudan

Condemnation and disapproval of the suppression of peaceful demonstrators
And to demand the release of all detainees and show the fate of all those who have been forcibly disappeared

We in the International Organization for Human Rights and International Law express our deep concern, condemnation and disapproval of all arbitrary practices, arbitrary detentions and forced disappearances carried out by Sudanese armed groups against Sudanese citizens and political, civil and peaceful activists in various cities and neighborhoods of the Sudan since 19 December I 2018 and until now. Where protests against the Sudanese government continued in most of the country's provinces, which began to protest against high prices and high costs of living, after the Khartoum government imposed difficult economic measures consistent with the recommendations of the International Monetary Fund.

Economic hardship has been demonstrated in the long ranks of bread and fuel, and even in the lack of cash after setting a ceiling to withdraw funds from banks, in an effort to control the continued deterioration of the Sudanese pound against the dollar, which led to the reluctance of people in general and businessmen in particular to deposit their money in banks, this is in addition to inflation, which reached 70 percent. With weak state resources, and a growing tendency to lift subsidies on goods altogether.

The demonstrations broke out in an automatic reaction to the rise in the price of bread, which began in the Nile River region as well as in the neighboring North State, especially its capital, Dongola, which saw the burning of the headquarters of the ruling National Congress party. The demonstrations spread to eastern and central Sudan amid the heavy firing of tear gas bombs in the town of Al-Rahad in the state of North Kordofan, in the suburb of Al-Haj Yousif east of Khartoum and in Al-Jazira Aba in the White Nile state in south Khartoum. The city of Berber in the Nile River state, the city of Rabak in the state of White Nile, the city of Gadarif, in Omdurman and in various parts of Khartoum. Where the Sudanese Professionals Association announced a general strike on the work of lawyers and doctors.

The "rescue" system put monetary policy in Sudan in the hands of a trio consisting of security men, some "economic professionals", and software engineers who have nothing to do with economics. This triple-making cash crisis and tight liquidity. Where the goal of the security staff and economic cadres is to contain the underlying inflation and deterioration of the exchange rate resulting from irresponsible printing of the currency. The people of software were partners in the design of monetary policy, through pressure to force citizens to adopt electronic payment mechanisms. Thus enhancing the overall control of the system by circulating the electronic payment system. Using the system, the electronic record of collecting economic information and espionage on all funds and transactions, so that he can use the information gained electronically in the taxation of income, wealth and sales. Which enables it to use information to punish its commercial and political opponents, steal the secrets of the angry businessmen and transfer them to their pro-regime rivals. Thus, the compulsory electronic payment system allows for the tightening of the authoritarian grip of the Khartoum government by expanding its hegemony over the economy, which will eliminate the rest of the men and women of creative work and increase the frequency of flight of financial and human capital. The scheme of charging the payment system was in early 2019. But the December 2018 uprising surprised the government and corrupted its plans. Under the pressure of popular anger, the government sought to contain the popular movement by announcing that it would solve the liquidity crisis definitively by injecting 100, 200 and 500 pounds. This is a real measure and proof of the severity of the current inflation and the corruption of the monetary system policies. Sudanese police and security forces dispersed tear gas protesters and beat demonstrators with batons, There were several clashes with security forces throughout the country, which resulted in dozens of deaths and injuries as well as the arrest of hundreds of Sudanese citizens, and detained many hours and hours were often detained with questioning and threats and ill-treatment in custody.

We in the International Organization for Human Rights and International Law, and from our legal position, we affirm our clear position and full support for the strikes and peaceful protests by all the Sudanese people, and the strong condemnation and condemnation of all the Sudanese security services and police in the suppression and killing of peaceful demonstrators. This is also our position in protest against the excessive use of force to suppress the peaceful movements of the Sudanese people, in addition to the violence practiced by the regime in the streets and in homes, and the condemnation of the violation of the right of constitutional and legal demonstrators to express their opinion.

We see that the Sudanese regime has found itself alone in the face of permanent structural crises, without any signs of real solutions, and the opposition movements stands alone without any support, even at the moral level. This state of weakness can continue to put the future of the country in danger unless a compromise is reached that opens the door to radical political change.

We, in the International Organization for Human Rights and International Law, strongly condemn and disapprove all kinds of arbitrary arrests and arbitrary detentions against Sudanese citizens in general, and expressing our deep concern over the fate of the detainees who have not been released, we appeal to the Sudanese government to demand arbitrary arrests and arbitrary detentions, which take place outside international norms and conventions, as these enforced disappearances constitute a flagrant violation of fundamental rights and freedoms guaranteed by all relevant international conventions and conventions. We are deeply concerned at the reports of the use of torture and degrading treatment.

We call for the immediate and unconditional release of all those detained without having been charged with a recognizably criminal offense and to bring promptly to trial fair trial standards as well as to ensure that such trial proceedings are in conformity with the standards and principles adopted by United Nations bodies, On the independence of the judiciary in 1985, and the Guidelines on the Role of Prosecutors issued in 1990 and in line with the recommendations of the Human Rights Committee at its eighty-fourth session, July 2005, on basic legal safeguards for detainees, paragraph 9, which emphasizes the need to take effective measures to ensure that the detainee is granted all basic legal guarantees From the beginning of his detention, including the right to immediate access to a lawyer and independent medical examination, to inform his family and to be aware of his rights at the time of detention, including on charges and to appear before a judge within a period of time in accordance with international standards.

We at the International Organization for Human Rights and International Law declare our full support for the exercise of all Sudanese through their right to peaceful assembly and protest and to express their legitimate, just and just demands, , as contained in article 163 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as well as in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in article 3 and article 12, the freedom of opinion and expression is protected by public international law, particularly international human rights law, It is considered to be a general rule of international human rights law and of peremptory norms. It is not permissible to derogate from or limit it. It is also considered as natural rights that adhere to human beings. It is not permissible to agree on their violation, because it is a general rule. Legal consequences, and therefore the violent repression of peaceful demonstrations is an international crime Accountability and trial.

International Organization for Human Rights and International Law
Central Information Authority
Norway on 20/01/2019

The International Organization for Human Rights and International Law was established on 10 December 2016 as the "Monitor of the International Human Rights Network". On 20/2/2018 its constituent body met and the name was amended and re-published on behalf of the International Organization for Human Rights and International Law. In the Kingdom of Norway under the number "Org Nr917987025" and has the temporary consultative status with the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations, is an international non-governmental and non-political neutral and non-profit organization concerned with the protection and promotion of human rights and defense.