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The organization's message on the US president's decision on the occupied Golan

Secretary-General of the United Nations, Mr. Antonio Guterich.
President of the Human Rights Council of the United Nations, Mr. Kole Sik.
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Ms. Michelle Bachelet.
President of the International Committee of the Red Cross, Mr. Peter Maurer

Greetings to you...

On March 25, 2019, US President Donald Trump signed the Declaration of the United States' official acknowledgment of Israel's "sovereignty" over the occupied Syrian Golan.

We recognize that the Golan is occupied Syrian territory and there are unanimously adopted resolutions of the Security Council to confirm this meaning, the most important of which is resolution 497 of 1981, which unequivocally referred to the non-recognition of the Golan Heights. The annexation of "Israel" of the Syrian Golan, and called for "Israel" to cancel the decision to annex the Golan.

We consider the American recognition of the annexation of the occupied Syrian Golan to be a blatant attack on the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Syria, the legislation of the occupation and the rape of the territory of others by force, and this decision will certainly create waves of tension and escalation in the Middle East after the American decision.

It is well known that the Syrian Golan is still under Israeli occupation (the Golan area is 1% of Syria's area of 1860 km 2), contrary to the relevant resolutions of the Security Council and the General Assembly and its practices which flagrantly violate all international laws and human rights instruments Which led tens of thousands of people to leave their homes and land because of the forced displacement practiced by the occupation as a war crime according to the Geneva Conventions applicable to the occupied Golan, where the population of the Golan according to the 1966 census, 153 thousand people. And the population of the area occupied in 1967, (138) thousand people. The number of people displaced by "Israel" during and after the aggression (131) thousand people, and the remaining population within the area occupied in 1967 (7) thousands of people, in 2000 they became (19) thousand people.

And the number of villages in the Golan (164) villages and (146) farm and two cities, "Quneitra" and "Faiq".
And the number of villages under occupation (137) villages and (112) farm in addition to the cities of "Quneitra" and "Faiq".

The Israeli occupation forces destroyed 131 villages and 112 farms and two cities. The villages of Majdal Shams, Masada, Baqata, Ein Qunya, Ghajar and Sahita. In 1971-72, Sahita residents were displaced. To Masada. The occupation destroyed the village and turned it into a camp, and the Israeli occupation continued to build settlements, where the number of settlements in the Golan is 35 settlements scattered on the ruins of Syrian villages.

The Israeli settlement in the Golan has undergone several stages that can be divided into: the first stage 1967-1973. The second stage of 1973 - 1977. The third stage of 1977 - until 1991 the beginning of the Madrid Peace Conference, the fourth stage of 1991 until today.

The settlement was the most prominent headline in the priorities of the Israeli Government, especially after the Israeli Government's annexation decision of 4 December 1981, which flagrantly violated Security Council resolution 497 (1981), in which the Council, inter alia, "Israel" to impose its laws, jurisdiction and administration on the occupied Syrian Golan null and void and has no international legal impact, he called upon Israel, the occupying Power, to rescind its decision immediately, as the number of Israeli settlers did not reach more than 12,600 settlers in 35 settlements built on the ruins of 110 Syrian villages. They welcomed the Israeli citizenship of about one hundred out of the 19,000 Syrian citizens, and the intensification of settlements not only aimed at changing the demographic equation, but also required the pumping of thousands of settlers to invest the Golan and to attach it to the Israeli economic structure. With climatic nature and so on carry this area of riches.

In addition to the large-scale cultivation of minefields, 76 of which are located in the occupied Golan, some within populated Arab villages.

There are approximately 60 Israeli military camps in the occupied Golan, one of these camps in Majdal Shams and surrounded by civilian houses on the four sides. In this context, Israel also violates the relevant resolutions of the Security Council and the General Assembly.

These various Israeli violations in the occupied Syrian Golan and the serious social, economic, political and cultural consequences of these violations are affecting citizens, especially those who are trying to express their rejection of the occupation and all settlement operations and change the original structures of the Golan geographically and humanely. Where they are subjected to imprisonment, detention and torture and sentenced to medium and long terms of imprisonment.

We appeal to you and to various international and regional human rights organizations to pressure the Israeli government to stop its various repressive practices against prisoners and detainees held in Israeli jails. Some of them have been arrested for more than twenty-one years in Israeli prisons.

And the continuation of inhuman practices and violations of their right and the right of all prisoners, from being beaten, suppressed and sprayed with gas, in addition to putting glass barriers between them and their relatives on the network of the visit, and to prevent them from the introduction of books and essential food needs, and to determine the number of visitors from their brothers and sisters and relatives even those of the first degree, Israeli security authorities say they allow them to visit. As well as to the deterioration of living conditions as a result of the acute shortage of nutrition.

The Israeli Government's various practices in the occupied territories, especially those relating to prisoners and detainees, constitute a flagrant violation of all the Geneva Conventions and international conventions on prisoners of war and the civilian population under occupation. These practices violate the rights of prisoners and detainees and blatantly violate international and humanitarian norms.

We in the International Organization for Human Rights and International Law, we go to various international and humanitarian bodies to work to exert various pressures on the government of "Israel":

A- To release all prisoners; as a first step, to ensure that they are treated humanely in accordance with the principles of the Geneva Conventions and the Additional Protocols to the Geneva Conventions and in accordance with international humanitarian law, especially with respect to children, women, displaced persons, prisoners and mines in times of war and in accordance with United Nations laws and international human rights instruments; and the rights of prisoners.

B- Its commitment to the Geneva Convention relative to the protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949

C- Its commitment to Security Council resolution 497 (1981), which underlines the illegality of the decision of 14 December 1981 by Israel to impose its laws, jurisdiction and administration on the occupied Syrian Golan, resulting in the effective annexation of that territory, Is permissible under international law, including the Charter of the United Nations.

D- To desist from changing the physical character, demographic composition, institutional structure and legal status of the occupied Syrian Golan, and to refrain in particular from the establishment of settlements, in accordance with the relevant resolutions of the Security Council and the General Assembly; and all legislative and administrative measures and actions taken or to be taken by Israel, Are null and void and constitute a flagrant violation of international law and of the Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, of 12 August 1949, and that such measures and measures have no legal effect.

E- To cease the imposition of Israeli citizenship and Israeli identity cards on Syrian citizens in the occupied Syrian Golan and to cease its repressive measures against the population of the occupied Syrian Golan.

F- Israel's commitment to Security Council resolutions 242 of 22 November 1967 and 338 of 22 October 1973.

The International Organization for Human Rights and International Law also demands:

1) To raise the issue of settlement in the Golan before the International Criminal Court, especially as the Golan enjoys the status of the occupied territories in the eyes of international law.
2) To prosecute Israeli officials for deportations, killings and torture in the Golan before the courts of States whose judicial system gives their courts the right to prosecute persons from foreign affiliates responsible for crimes committed outside their territory.
3) The right of return of the displaced persons from the Golan to their land and the return of their property before the Israeli courts, especially since most of them have documents proving their entitlement to the land, some of which date back to the pre-independence period. The number of displaced persons from the Golan currently stands at about 400,000 people living as displaced persons in Syrian cities in temporary population centers.
4) Israel shall compensate the victims of occupation practices, both within the Golan population and displaced persons, in respect of the loss and destruction of funds and all types of property, before the Israeli courts or any courts in other States which grant themselves such jurisdiction.
5) Physical compensation for those who are physically or morally harmed by the practices of the occupation, especially those affected by direct and indirect Israeli military actions, such as those with permanent disabilities as a result of shelling or the explosion of mines planted by the Israeli army.
6) Stop Israeli violations of the Golan environment, especially since recent information has spoken of the theft and transfer of fertile Golan soil into occupied Palestine by Israelis, leading to the disappearance of entire hills.
7) Syria's right to claim compensation for the quantities of water seized by Israel over the period of occupation. Israel consumes 122 million cubic meters annually of Hasbani and 121 million cubic meters annually of Banias and Jabal Al-Sheikh water, as well as hundreds of springs throughout the Golan. This contributes more than 12 percent of Israel's water needs which is estimated at (1800) million cubic meters annually.

International Organization for Human Rights and International Law
Norway 27/3/2019

The International Organization for Human Rights and International Law was established on 10 December 2016 on behalf of the International Organization for Human Rights and International Law. It received legal publicity from the official authorities of the Kingdom of Norway under No. Org Nr 917987025 and has the temporary consultative status with the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations Is an impartial, non-profit international non-governmental and non-political organization concerned with the protection, promotion and defense of human rights.