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The organization condemns and deplores the series of bombings and terrorist acts that hit Sri Lanka

We have received in the International Organization for Human Rights and International Law, with great pain, condemnation and denial, the painful news that armed men belonging to the so-called "Organization of the Islamic State" called on the terrorist, who uses the worst methods of violence and criminality against humanity, by committing bloody crimes on Easter day for Christians, the Easter holiday of the Eastern Christians on Sunday 21/24/2019, in several cities in Sri Lanka, after they managed to sneak into several churches and hotels and carry out eight terrorist bombings.

Four explosions occurred at about the same time "at 8:45 am" local time followed by two other explosions in 20 minutes. Two more explosions occurred in the city in the afternoon.

The authorities later found improvised explosive devices and a truck filled with explosives in several places, the seventh blast targeted a hotel in the area "Dhiwala" in the capital, "Colombo" near the National Zoo, the eighth explosion occurred after a suicide bomber blew himself up in a building on the outskirts of the capital, killing three policemen.

The bombings targeted three churches in different parts of the country and four hotels in the city of Colombo: the churches of St. Anthony and St. Sebastian in the town of Negombo, as well as the church of Zion east of the town of Batticaloa, four hotels in Colombo and its environs, and an eighth bombing in the northern suburb of Urugu Dauta. The hotels in Colombo are Shangri-La, Kingsbury, Cinnamon Grand and Tropical Inn.

A spokesman for the Sri Lankan police said that the death toll from terrorist bombings in churches and hotels in Colombo has risen to 253 and more than 500, among the dead were 41 foreign nationals, including eight Britons, two US nationals and two British nationals, Danish citizens, a Portuguese citizen, 11 Indian nationals, Turkish engineers and one Dutchman.

Sri Lankan police said they had seized 150 explosives and a banner of the terrorist "Da'ash" during a raid in the city of Phishaman Thuray, 370 km east of Colombo, inside a building believed by investigators to be a venue for video footage of the Easter attacks.

Sri Lanka police said they had found the bodies of at least 15 people, including three suicide bombers, following a raid by security forces in the eastern city of Kalmonai, where clashes broke out between the armed forces and a group of armed men suspected of being linked to the Easter attacks.

Police spokesman Ruan Jonaskera said police and special operations forces raided a house on information that it was a hideout for militants, when they tried to enter and search it, gunmen opened fire on them, followed by an explosion inside the house believed to be a suicide bombing, the spokesman added that among the bodies found by the authorities inside the house, the bodies of six children and three men and three women, they also found three bodies of men who blew themselves up outside the house, pointing out that there were no casualties among the security forces, and that the authorities found a quantity of explosives inside the house. The Sri Lankan authorities imposed a curfew in the eastern Kalmonai, Samantori and Chavalakadai areas indefinitely following clashes between security forces and a group of militants.

The area of terrorist bombings was very wide, covering eastern, central and western Sri Lanka, and occurred simultaneously or in the near future, involving a number of perpetrators using a large amount of explosives. This indicates that those behind the process have considerable financial and logistical capabilities, detailed knowledge of the theater of operations, and that work has been planned for a long time, and that it is a high level of professionalism. Indicating the presence of regional and possibly global security forces behind the bombings of "Sri Lanka", in order to spread religious hatred and employ them in political contexts.

According to police sources, "Sri Lankan" that one of the perpetrators of the suicide attack studied in the UK and completed his higher education in Australia before returning to stability in Sri Lanka, and that most of the perpetrators of the attack are holders of higher degrees, and belong to families of the middle or high, They are financially independent and come from affordable families.

The police confirmed that 9 suicide bombers, including a woman, and 8 of them had been identified. The office of the President of Sri Lanka said he would declare a state of emergency throughout the country from midnight on Monday 22 April 2019. A Presidential Information Unit Press release "The government decided to activate the paragraphs related to the prevention of terrorism in the emergency law and announce it by midnight 22/4/2019." The procedure would be limited to combating terrorism and would not impede freedom of expression.

The government announced a curfew in the capital Colombo and blocked social networking and messaging applications, including Facebook and WhatsApp. It was not clear when the curfew would be lifted.
Sri Lanka has a population of 22 million, 70% of Buddhists, 12.6 % of Hindus, 9.7% of Muslims and 7.6% of Christians according to the country's 2012 census.

The Theravada is the largest religion in Sri Lanka (Theravada is the oldest Buddhist sect), with about 70.2% of the population, according to the latest statistics.

This Buddhist doctrine is the majority Sinhalese religion in Sri Lanka. His teachings give prominence to the laws of the country and are well known in the Constitution. Hindus constitute 12.6% and Muslims 9.7% of the population. Sri Lanka is home to about 1.5 million Christians, according to the 2012 census, the vast majority of whom are Roman Catholics.

It is expected that these bombings will have a very negative impact on the Sri Lankan economy, which is experiencing great difficulties as a result of internal political instability, these terrorist attacks will cause problems among religious minorities, and may lead to the isolation of Muslims from the rest of the components of society and turn them into a pariah, and we may see further government restrictions on the social and economic institutions of Muslims and reduce their political role, and the decline of their role from an important minority, to a marginalized minority at all levels.

We, in the International Organization for Human Rights and International Law, declare our full solidarity with the families of the victims. We extend our heartfelt condolences to all the innocent victims of the civilian, military and police of Sri Lanka in the bombings and terrorist attacks carried out by the so-called "Islamic State" "We wish all the wounded speedy recovery, and to register our condemnation and denunciation of all acts of violence, murder and assassination regardless of their sources and justifications.

The terrorist attacks in the cities of Sri Lanka are classified as war crimes and crimes against humanity, they are among the most serious violations of human rights committed by the organization as an organized group against civilians. Anyone who has issued orders, committed, contributed, cooperated or supported these terrorist acts is subject to the authority of international law and criminal accountability for their actions anywhere in the world.
The international community turned to the practices of the so-called "Islamic State Organization". The UN Security Council adopted a resolution under Chapter VII, which targets "extremist Islamists" in Syria and Iraq, on 15 August 2014, where atrocities and massacres against civilians were committed. The resolution falls within Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, allowing the use of sanctions and even force for its application. The resolution calls for the disarming and dismantling of the "Islamic state" as well as the "Al Nosra front" in Syria as well as other groups linked to al-Qaeda.

The Security Council did not go beyond traditional counter-terrorism techniques based on the use of force, such as air strikes targeting areas of terrorist groups, the liquidation of its leaders and members, direct battles with its supporters and collective coercive measures against its potential followers.

It was necessary to work on the development of methods to combat terrorism in dealing with this type of advanced terrorism. External interference will not be sufficient in the fight against the "Islamic State Organization" terrorist. Rather, the international community should exert its efforts to uncover the foundations, principles and strategies of this organization by exposing the criminal and terrorist acts and violations committed by this organization, and to highlight the lack of conformity of their faith with the values of Islam. Terrorism, extremism, violence and criminality have no religion, and all religions, including Islam, share lofty and moral values that form the essence of international declarations and international human rights instruments. They believe in all religions and call for values of peace, tolerance, love and cooperation among people and against war and fight.

Terrorism is a threat and severity to the security and lives of people and their civilization, unregulated by law, values or morals, characterized by violence and the illegal use of force and oppression, it is a crime of direct attack on a group of traditional human rights, foremost of which is the right to life because of the indiscriminate killing of terrorism, the right to integrity of the body and freedom of opinion and expression together with the fear and terror that terrorism entails, in addition to all other rights and freedoms that are swept away by terrorism such as the right to own property, movement, housing, culture, education and other civil, political, economic, cultural and social rights. The word "terrorism" carries psychological and social dimensions.

"International terrorism" is an act that jeopardizes innocent human lives or leads to the threat of fundamental freedoms. The United Nations General Assembly has on numerous occasions condemned all acts, methods and practices of terrorism as criminal acts, wherever and by whomever committed, including Which threaten friendly relations between States and threaten their security and called upon all States to fulfill their obligations under international law by refraining from, organizing, assisting in or participating in terrorist acts in other States or condoning activities within their territories for the purpose of committing such acts.

The Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy, negotiated and adopted by Member States, is in line with the strong emphasis on defending human rights and upholding the rule of law. The Plan of Action, which was unanimously approved by the countries, contains an entire section on measures to ensure respect for human rights for all and the rule of law as that is the essential basis for the fight against terrorism.

On 8 September 2006, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted a Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy at its 99th plenary meeting, in which the States Members of the United Nations approved:

• Condemning terrorism in all its forms and manifestations.
• Take urgent action to prevent and combat terrorism in all its forms and manifestations.
• Recognize that international cooperation and any measures it undertakes to prevent and combat terrorism must be consistent with the obligations of the international community under international law, including the Charter of the United Nations and the relevant international conventions and protocols, in particular human rights law, refugee law and international humanitarian law.

Terrorism and its crimes are a direct attack on fundamental human rights, foremost of which is the right to life because of the indiscriminate killing, the right to bodily integrity and the apprehension of terrorism. Human rights and the freedom of opinion and expression together with the terror and terror in the face of public opinion, in addition to all the other rights and freedoms that are entrenched in terrorism such as the right to property, movement, housing, culture, education and other civil and political, economic, cultural and social rights.

Thus, in the face of States that have fallen victim to terrorism, they must be faced with restrictions on domestic and international human rights law and principles. It does not mean that terrorism is an act free from legal and moral constraints. It should be faced with it in a manner that does not acquire legitimacy. The law does not justify a similar breach. It did not justify a similar crime, otherwise States lost the meaning of their existence and exposed the lives and safety of citizens to the threat of various dangers, because the fulfillment by States of their international obligations is an expression of their adherence to the legal framework governing their conduct at the domestic and international levels, and hence it has emerged that the obligation of States to respect the rights of their citizens is an international matter as well as an internal matter.

To the importance and risks of the relationship between terrorism and human rights, we in the Organization recommend

1. The need to launch an international campaign to build a legal, binding and disciplined definition of international or domestic terrorism practiced or supported by the State or practiced by groups or individuals, with the aim of building and declaring an international convention on terrorism.
2. Proclaim binding international legal instruments that protect and preserve all human rights and criminalize and prosecute all perpetrators of any terrorist activity or violation committed during counterterrorism operations.
3. Launching regional and international workshops under the auspices of the United Nations, issuing declarations and international agreements to eliminate the sources of terrorism internally and internationally, respecting the rights and freedoms of individuals and peoples.
4. The war on terror should be within determined, accurate and internationally agreed procedures, taking into consideration the priority of identifying the causes of terrorism and working hard to remove them through precise and non-hasty measures.
5. Non-governmental organizations, especially local human rights organizations, in cooperation with regional and international institutions and under the supervision of international programs by the United Nations, should play their real role in raising awareness of the rights of terrorism and the causes of the expansion of this phenomenon, and community mobilization in order to besiege and eliminate the phenomenon and the direction of comprehensive development and building the community in an atmosphere of stability and comprehensive political security, economic and humanitarian.
6. Various media outlets should focus on terrorism as a phenomenon with its causes and factors within the context of local and international plans and programs, training courses and public workshops, and to develop awareness programs that illuminate this phenomenon and its deep political, social, economic and religious causes, and in cooperation with experts and specialists in the fields of security, social, psychological, educational and religious, and with educational and cultural institutions and with the bodies concerned with the defense of human rights regionally and internationally, in order for the treatment to be more comprehensive.

International Organization for Human Rights and International Law
Central Information Authority 2/5/2019
It was established on 10 December 2016 on behalf of the International Organization for Human Rights and International Law. It obtained legal publicity from the official authorities of the Kingdom of Norway under No. Org Nr 917987025. It has a temporary consultative status with the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations. It is a neutral international non- Not for profit and for the protection, promotion and defense of human rights.