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To work to spread and promote the values of peace among all nations and peoples

Special report on the occasion of World Peace Day
To work to spread and promote the values of peace among all nations and peoples




❞ We’re now in a race against time. We can and must win. Solutions are in our hands: to tax pollution, not to people; to stop subsidizing fossil fuels; and to stop building new coal plants by 2020.”
Secretary General of the United Nations
Peace now faces a new threat: a climate emergency that threatens our security, our livelihoods and our lives. It is therefore the focus of our celebration of this year's International Day of Peace. It is also why I convened a climate action summit.
Secretary General of the United Nations
• Supporting peace and international understanding, promoting human rights, combating racism, apartheid and incitement to war requires that information be freely and more widely disseminated and disseminated. The mass media must make an essential contribution in this regard, and as much as the media reflects the various aspects of the subject matter, this contribution is effective. .................................................. ..
Article 1
Declaration on Basic Principles on the Contribution of the Media to Peace and International Understanding
The theme of peace has long been thought of all peoples, influenced by the calls of the heavenly messages to achieve peace and to consolidate the idea of peace and tolerance and calls for the disclosure of peace between human beings and tolerance and occupied the idea of peace Europeans torn by national chauvinism and religious wars, they called for peace and the ideas of the Europeans formed the nucleus of the treaties and agreements for peace that began with the Treaty of Westphalia 1648. It was the nucleus of an international organization that established peace on the European continent. Then came the era of the League of Nations 1919 and the Charter of the United Nations 1945. Then came the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the United Nations on 10 December 1948, and inspired a huge body of legally binding international human rights treaties, as well as the subject of human rights development worldwide.
International peace and security is one of the most important purposes of the United Nations. And Human beings all over the world had a sacred right to live in peace and security, and the Member States of the United Nations must take the necessary procedures and measures to eliminate nuclear weapons and all weapons of mass destruction.
The complementarity between international humanitarian law and international human rights law demonstrates the importance of protecting human life, health and dignity. Humanitarian law applies in situations of armed conflict. When human rights, or at least some of them, protect the individual at all times, in both war and peace. However, some human rights treaties allow governments to revoke certain rights in public emergencies, while international humanitarian law does not allow any denunciation because it was originally designed to apply in emergency situations, namely armed conflicts.
States have a duty to implement international humanitarian law and human rights first and foremost, humanitarian law obliges States to take practical and legal measures, such as enacting criminal legislation and promoting international humanitarian law. Similarly, under human rights law, States are obliged to harmonize their national law with international obligations. International humanitarian law provides several specific mechanisms to assist in its implementation. In particular, States are required to ensure that other States also respect humanitarian law. There are also provisions on investigative procedures, the Protecting Power mechanism and the International Fact-Finding Commission. In addition, the International Committee of the Red Cross has a fundamental role to play in ensuring respect for humanitarian norms.
All wars have denied the human right to life, security and peace. Therefore, the purposes of the United Nations have focused on the maintenance of international peace and security, the establishment of friendly relations among nations and the achievement of cooperation among States to solve problems and conflicts through peaceful means. Article 1 of the Charter linked the maintenance of international peace and security with the observance of human rights. The Charter entrusted the Security Council with the task of maintaining international peace and security and gave the General Assembly some powers in this area, as requested by the Security Council, it focused on the implementation of the system of collective security in a political perspective, and not from a legal perspective that takes into account the right, justice and equity. In its first paragraph, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights affirms the recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the international community, the Council considered them the basis of freedom, justice and peace in the world.
Every year, the world celebrates 21 September on World Peace Day, in accordance with a resolution proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly (36/67) in 1981, to be a common global occasion on which all peoples of the world celebrate this day, the first World Peace Day celebration was held in 1982, Until the General Assembly in 2001 voted unanimously on resolution (55/8282), to mark 21 September of each year as the day of world peace, ceasefire, prevention of violence and murder among nations, with a view to perpetuating and glorifying the importance of peace for man and promoting human ideals and values in order to promote and promote peace among nations, the Charter of the United Nations for the fight against conflicts and the resolution and reduction of international conflicts and wars, by offering peaceful solutions that help spread peace and security in the whole world, the day of Peace Day coincides with the opening session of the General Assembly, which comes every year on the third of September.
In its resolution (1998), the United Nations General Assembly proposed the first decade of the twenty-first century (2001-2010) as an international decade to support a culture of non-violence and peace for the benefit of the world's children, by definition, a culture of peace. Considering "a set of values, actions and behaviors that reflect and encourage social interaction and a shared mindset based on the principles of freedom, justice, democracy, all human rights, tolerance, solidarity and non-violence, they work to deter conflicts by addressing their deep causes, and to solve problems through dialogue and negotiation, they guarantee the full exercise of all rights and possibilities to make a full contribution to the process of community development. In this definition, a culture of peace means a system of values, principles, concepts, directives, attitudes and behaviors that establish peace in its broadest sense, optimize and together form its content, and work to invest it in a way that helps protect, develop and sustain it.
The United Nations Member States adopted 17 Sustainable Development Goals in 2015, recognizing that building a peaceful world requires steps to achieve the economic and social development of all peoples of the world everywhere and to ensure the protection of their rights. The development goals cover a wide range of issues, including poverty, hunger, health, education, climate change, gender equality, water and sanitation, energy, environment and social justice.
The theme of the International Day of Peace 2019 highlights the importance of combating climate change as a means of protecting and promoting peace worldwide.
Climate change clearly threatens international peace and security, and natural disasters result in three times the displacement of people displaced in conflict situations, where millions are forced to leave their homes and seek safety elsewhere. Salinization of water and crops also threatens food security, increasing the impact on public health. Growing tensions affect resources and grassroots movements in every country and on every continent.
“The International Organization for Human Rights and International Law” joins the United Nations in celebrating the International Day of Peace on 21 September each year. Which is a day to refrain from violence and a ceasefire, dedicated to strengthening the foundations and ideals of peace among and among nations and peoples, this anniversary provides a unique opportunity to reaffirm the commitment of the United Nations to the purposes for which the Organization was established and the principles underlying it, whereas promoting peace is vital for the enjoyment of all human rights.
The General Assembly has dedicated this date to the promotion of the ideals of peace in and among nations and peoples. The United Nations Member States adopted 17 Sustainable Development Goals in 2015, recognizing that building a peaceful world requires steps to achieve the economic and social development of all peoples of the world everywhere and to ensure the protection of their rights. The development goals cover a wide range of issues, including poverty, hunger, health, education, climate change, gender equality, water and sanitation, energy, the environment and social justice.
Sustainable Development Goal 13, on climate action, calls for immediate action by all to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, as well as building resilience, adaptation and improving climate change education. There are low-cost, appropriate development solutions such as renewables and clean technologies enable countries to build their economies and make them more resilient.
This year, the celebration of the International Day of Peace - to be held on 20 September 2019 at United Nations Headquarters - will provide a platform for young people to present projects they have pledged to combat climate change and promote peace. The students' celebration will be held immediately after the commemoration of the Bell of Peace, which starts at 9:00 am with the Secretary-General and will be broadcast live on webtv.un.org.
Young people are at the forefront of this challenge; half a million young people around the world have taken action on climate change in their homes, schools and communities. According to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, they are key actors in raising awareness, managing awareness programs, promoting sustainable lifestyles, preserving nature, supporting renewable energy, adopting environmentally friendly practices and implementing adaptation and mitigation projects.
The availability of world peace is a fundamental and civilized demand for the progress and development of peoples, which affects the individual and the community positively to live freely and raise the spirits of man, to be able to produce and accomplish work and give and practice normal life without threatening his life and interests, and spread love, harmony and tranquility throughout the world.
Building a culture of peace is of great importance to make peace part of the intellectual, cultural, and behavioral building of the individual. Because the factors of consolidating peace are many, its constraints are also numerous, and the factors of its consolidation can become an obstacle to its replacement if used for the purpose of conflict and violence and the belief in the supremacy of a particular race over other races or civilization, is an obstacle to peace, cultural differences can be an obstacle to peace if they cause misunderstanding and suspicion as well as nationalism or national intolerance and its attachment to sovereignty, economic conditions and the belief that wars are a means to solve problems. Sectarian and religious differences are among the strongest causes of civil and international conflicts if objective substantive circumstances exist. The limited thinking of peace ideas is a reason to impede it.
At “the International Organization for Human Rights and International Law, “we present some proposals and solutions, as follows:
• Peace can be achieved only if concrete action is taken to combat climate change. And develop concrete and realistic plans to accelerate actions to implement the Paris Convention.
• Governments of the world should set their priorities to achieve carbon emission equivalence by 2050, via the following:
1. Taxation of polluters rather than persons;
2. Stopping fossil fuel subsidies;
3. Ceasing construction of new coal plants by 2020;
4. Focus on the green economy, not the gray economy.
• Take real action to tackle climate change, where everyone is part of the solution, whether by turning off lamps and picking up public transport, or organizing a public awareness campaign in their communities.
• Support the United Nations' goals of peace, justice and strong institutions to promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, access to justice for all and building inclusive, responsible and effective institutions at all levels. A peaceful society is a society that enjoys justice and equality. Peace enables a sustainable environment that in turn helps promote peace.
• On this occasion, we express our unequivocal support for the United Nations to call on all nations and peoples to commit themselves to a cessation of hostilities during this day and to revive it with education and public awareness on issues related to peace.
• On this occasion, we stress the importance of this day in establishing a culture of international peace and security, spare the world the danger and scourge of war and violence, eliminate all weapons of mass destruction, adopt a peaceful option to settle international disputes, and move forward to further interdependence of relations and exchange of interests between States. Hopping that the real peace would be peace based on justice, equity, equality, right and respect for human rights, dignity and humanity.
• At the International Organization for Human Rights and International Law, we call on all governments and peoples of the world to cooperate to affirm respect for human rights and the values of peace, to direct efforts towards development, to reject hate speech, sedition, extremism and respect for the rule of law, and to make every effort to revive, educate and spread awareness among all human beings. Issues related to peace, democracy and human rights.

On September 21, 2018

International Organization for Human Rights and International Law
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